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Xabec 2011

GeneralWineryCeller Malondro
RegionMontsant
Town of productionCornudella de Montsant
VarietalGarnacha 50, Carignon 50%
Total production of the wine30,000 cases
Name of winemakerRamon Valls
VineyardAge of vines used to produce wine14 to 75 years old
Yieldless than 1 ton per acre
Size of vineyard, hectares200 acres
Elevation above sea level1800 to 2600 feet
Inclination of vineyard5 to 15 degrees south
Soil compositionclay, schist, and limestone
Irrigationno
HarvestHarvest methodmanual
Date of harvestOctober 3 to 24
FermentationAlcoholic fermentation, typecold maceration 5 days, 80% in small stainless steel tanks and 20% in oak c
Alcoholic fermentation, duration22 days
Alcoholic fermentation, temperature76 degrees F
Malolactic fermentation, type60% in small stainless steel tanks, 40% in oak casks
Malolactic fermentation, duration20 to 35 days
Malolactic fermentation, temperature65 to 68 degrees F
CharacteristicspH3.45
Volatile Acidity0.80 grams per liter
Total Acidity5.5 grams per liter
Residual Sugarless than 2 grams per liter
Alcohol14.0%
AgingTime in barrel15 months
Barrel type and ageFrench oak, American oak, and Hungarian oak casks, new to 4 years old
Time in bottle before release10 months
BottlingCold stabilizedno
Filteredyes, lightly